بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیميَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمْ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ، أَيَّاماً مَعْدُودَاتٍ، فَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ مَرِيضاً أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ، وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ، فَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَهُ، وَأَنْ تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ، شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ، هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنْ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ، فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمْ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ، وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضاً أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ، يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمْ الْيُسْرَ وَلا يُرِيدُ بِكُمْ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ (سورۃ البقرة ۱۸۳۔۱۸۵.)
In the Name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful
183. O you who have faith! Prescribed for you is fasting as it was prescribed for those who were before you, so that you may be Godwary.
184. That for known days. But should any of you be sick or on a journey, let it be a [similar] number of other days. Those who find it straining shall be liable to atonement by feeding a needy person. Should anyone do good of his own accord, that is better for him, and to fast is better for you, should you know.
185. The month of Ramaḍān is one in which the Qur’ān was sent down as guidance to mankind, with manifest proofs of guidance and the Criterion. So let those of you who witness it fast [in] it, and as for someone who is sick or on a journey, let it be a [similar] number of other days. Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire hardship for you, and so that you may complete the number, and magnify Allah for guiding you, and that you may give thanks.
Sermon of Prophet Mohammad on the month of Ramadan
The Prophet (pbuh) said: O People !
Indeed ahead of you is the blessed month of Allah. A month of blessing, mercy and forgiveness. A month which with Allah is the best of months. Its days, the best of days, its nights, the best of nights, and its hours, the best of hours. It is the month which invites you to be the guests of Allah and invites you to be one of those near to Him.
Each breath you take glorifies him; your sleep is worship, your good deeds are accepted and your supplications are answered. So, ask Allah, your Lord; to give you a sound body and an enlightened heart so you may be able to fast and recite his book, for he is unhappy who is devoid of Allah’s forgiveness during this great month.
Remember the hunger and thirst of the day of Qiyamah (Judgement) with your hunger and thirst; give alms to the needy and poor, honour your old, show kindness to the young ones, maintain relations with your blood relations; guard your tongues, close your eyes to that which is not permissible for your sight, close your ears to that which is forbidden to hear, show compassion to the orphans of people so compassion may be shown to your orphans.
Repent to Allah for your sins and raise your hands in dua during these times, for they are the best of times and Allah looks towards his creatures with kindness, replying to them during the hours and granting their needs if he is asked.
O People! Indeed your souls are dependant on your deeds, free it with Istighfar (repentance), lighten its loads by long prostrations; and know that Allah swears by His might: That there is no punishment for the one who prays and prostrates (in this month) and he shall have no fear of the fire on the day when man stands before the Lord of the worlds.
O People! One who gives Iftaar to a fasting person during this month will be like one who has freed someone and his past sins will be forgiven. Some of the people who were there then asked the Prophet (s): "Not all of us are able to invite those who are fasting?" The Prophet (s) replied: "Allah gives this reward even if the Iftaar (meal) is a drink of water or a half date.
One who has good morals (Akhlaq) during this month will be able to pass the ‘Siraat’...on the day that feet will slip...
One who covers the faults of others will benefit in that Allah will curb His anger on the day of Judgement... As for one who honours an orphan; Allah will honour him on the Day of Judgment, And for the one who spreads his kindness, Allah will spread His mercy over him on the Day of Judgment. As for the one who cuts the ties of relation; Allah will cut His mercy from him...
Whosoever performs a recommended prayer in this month Allah will keep the fire of Hell away from him... and whoever performs an obligator prayer Allah will reward him with seventy prayers [worth] in this month. And who so ever prays a lot during this month will have his load lightened on the day of measure. He who recites one verse of the holy Qur'an will be given the rewards of reciting the whole Qur’an during other months.O People! Indeed during this month the doors of heaven are open, therefore ask Allah not to close them for you; The doors of hell are closed, so ask Allah to keep them closed for you. During this month Shaitan (Satan) is imprisoned so ask your Lord not to let him have power over you.